Law is a set of rules, usually enforceable by the governmental or other social institutions. The main function of laws is to protect the individual and maintain peace within a society.
Some legal systems serve these purposes better than others. Some examples include civil law, criminal law, administrative law, and Islamic law.
Law can be broadly defined as any rules enforceable by the government, society, or a private organization. These laws are used to enforce justice and promote orderly social change.
Law is also a way for society to regulate its members’ behavior. Hence, laws can be made by the government or by groups of people, such as the parliament or executive.
When a law is enforced, a penalty is levied if someone violates it. Often, the penalties are fines and jail time.
A person can also create a law by signing a legally binding contract. Laws can be created by the government or by private individuals, but only a private individual can make arbitration agreements.
A definition of law is a normative science. Several philosophers have offered theories on the nature of law. John Austin defines the term as a group of rules that are governed by political power. Other definitions state that law is a set of rules that all people are bound to follow.
Natural law, on the other hand, is thought to be preexisting laws of nature. Positive law, on the other hand, is the law that is created by humans, such as statutes and regulations.